Role of parental emotional support in illusion of scholastic incompetence

Publication year: 2011
Source: Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée/European Review of Applied Psychology, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 14 June 2011

S., Côté , T., Bouffard

 Introduction: Self-perceptions of competence are involved in motivational processes explaining that although pupils’ capacities are comparable, their academic achievement differs greatly. In general, pupils with an illusion of scholastic incompetence exhibit a set of negative characteristics concerning their academic functioning. Objective: This article seeks to better understand the links between emotional support from parents and children’s under-evaluation of their own scholastic competence. Method: Self-reports from 626 pupils in Grades 4 and 5 (mean age: 10years, 8months) and one of their parents were analysed. Results: Pupils with an illusion of incompetence perceive the emotional support provided by their parents as less available and less unconditional. This difference is…