Irish estuaries: Water quality status and monitoring implications under the water framework directive

Publication year: 2011
Source: Marine Policy, Volume 35, Issue 6, December 2011, Pages 810-818

Michael, Hartnett , James G., Wilson , Stephen, Nash

The status of water quality of Irish estuaries is reviewed; this sheds light on the rationale behind the design of the national monitoring programme. Relative to other EU Member States, Ireland’s coastal monitoring programme is relatively young and not as advanced. The monitoring programmes in Ireland pre Water Framework Directive (WFD) were structured on a salinity-based typology, with an emphasis on quantifying the variability of the component elements. Although monitoring is a significant obligation under the WFD, there is little guidance on developing monitoring protocols; Member States are developing ad hoc monitoring programme. The Irish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), responsible…