Explanations of educational differences in major depression and generalised anxiety disorder in the Irish population

Publication year: 2011
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 14 June 2011

Emilie, Chazelle , Cédric, Lemogne , Karen, Morgan , Cecily C., Kelleher , Jean-François, Chastang , …

 Background: Social inequalities in mental disorders have been described, but studies that explain these inequalities are lacking, especially those using diagnostic interviews. This study investigates the contribution of various explanatory factors to the association between educational level and major depression and generalised anxiety disorder in Irish men and women. Methods: The study population comprised a national random sample of 5771 women and 4207 men aged 18 or more in Ireland (SLÁN 2007 survey). Major depression and generalised anxiety disorder were measured using a standardised diagnostic interview (CIDI-SF). Four groups of explanatory factors were explored: material, psychosocial, and behavioural factors, and chronic disease. Results: For both…