Evaluation of workability and strength development of fly ash pastes prepared with industrial brines rich in and Cl− to expand brine utilisation

Publication year: 2011
Source: Minerals Engineering, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 14 June 2011

Jabulani S., Mahlaba , Elsabé P., Kearsley , Richard A., Kruger , P.C., Pretorius

Anthropogenic pollution is an unavoidable consequence of both producing energy from coal and desalination of water. Coal ash and brines are partially utilised due to vast volumes and stringent legal environmental requirements. Therefore innovative management for these wastes is essential. This manuscript presents the initial results of research showing that brine chemistry dominates the behaviour of fly ash pastes. The outcome could expand the utilisation of brines in mortars and mass concrete to conserve potable water. The tests involved varying paste consistency and brine characteristics. The results demonstrated that chemical composition of brine plays a more important role than salinity…

Graphical abstract

 Graphical abstract: Illustration of workability of pastes as a function of brine chemistry and determination of compressive strength of cured paste. Highlights: ► The manuscript presents results of a novel application of fly ash and brines for backfilling. ► Chemical composition and salinity of industrial brines profoundly influence the behaviour of fly ash pastes. ► The use of brines as mixing water presents both transportation and strength development benefits and mining efficiency. ► Use of brines conserve water resources and also improve the economics of coal mining and processing.