Differences and similarities between obsessive and ruminative thoughts in obsessive-compulsive and depressed patients: A comparative study

Publication year: 2011
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Volume 42, Issue 4, December 2011, Pages 454-461

Karina, Wahl , Sabine, Schönfeld , Johanna, Hissbach , Sebastian, Küsel , Bartosz, Zurowski , …

Repetitive, intrusive cognitive phenomena are central both to obsessive-compulsive patients – typically as obsessive thoughts – and to depressed patients – typically as ruminative thoughts. The objective of the present study is to compare obsessive and ruminative thoughts in non-depressed obsessive-compulsive and depressed patients. Thirty-four patients diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder and 34 patients diagnosed with major depression disorder were asked to identify both a personally relevant obsessive and a personally relevant ruminative thought and to subsequently evaluate these thoughts on a modified version of the Cognitive Intrusions Questionnaire (CIQ) developed by Freeston, Ladouceur, Thibodeau, and Gagnon (1991). The CIQ assesses general…

 Highlights: ► Obsessive and ruminative thoughts are distinct cognitive processes. ► They are distinguishable in form and temporal orientation across two disorders. ► In obsessive-compulsive patients ruminative thoughts are frequent and distressing. ► In depressed patients, obsessive thoughts occur infrequently.