Coloring large graphs based on independent set extraction

Publication year: 2012
Source: Computers & Operations Research, Volume 39, Issue 2, February 2012, Pages 283-290

Qinghua, Wu , Jin-Kao, Hao

This paper presents an effective approach (EXTRACOL) to coloring large graphs. The proposed approach uses a preprocessing method to extract large independent sets from the graph and a memetic algorithm to color the residual graph. Each preprocessing application identifies, with a dedicated tabu search algorithm, a number of pairwise disjoint independent sets of a given size in order to maximize the vertices removed from the graph. We evaluate EXTRACOL on the 11 largest graphs (with 1000 to 4000 vertices) of the DIMACS challenge benchmarks and show improved results for four very difficult graphs (DSJC1000.9, C2000.5, C2000.9, C4000.5). The behavior of…