Are Openness and Intellect distinct aspects of Openness to Experience? A test of the O/I model

Publication year: 2011
Source: Personality and Individual Differences, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 14 June 2011

Emily C., Nusbaum , Paul J., Silvia

The Openness/Intellect (O/I) model proposes that Openness to Experience has two major facets—Openness and Intellect—that can be measured with the Big Five Aspect Scales (BFAS). Thus far, however, research has not shown distinct, unique relationships between the Openness and Intellect aspects and other outcomes. The present research evaluated the relationships between Openness and Intellect with two outcomes: creative behavior and achievement (conceptually closer to Openness) and fluid intelligence (conceptually closer to Intellect). Young adults completed the BFAS, several measures of fluid intelligence, and several measures of creative achievement. Latent variable models indicated that the Openness aspect significantly predicted creativity but…

 Highlights: ► The openness/intellect facets of Openness to Experience predicted different outcomes. ► The Openness aspect predicted creativity. ► The Intellect aspect predicted fluid intelligence.