An examination of dietary diversity patterns in Pleistocene proboscideans (Mammuthus, Palaeoloxodon, and Mammut) from Europe and North America as revealed by dental microwear

Publication year: 2011
Source: Quaternary International, In Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available online 13 June 2011

Florent, Rivals , Gina, Semprebon , Adrian, Lister

Recently, dental wear studies in mammals have emerged as valuable proxies for documenting the existence of geographical and/or temporal variability in diet and vegetation.Evenso, most paleodietary studies have focused on ungulates and relatively few studies have addressedproboscidean dietary reconstruction.The most sensitive proxy for discerning short-term dietary shifts is dental microwear.Dental microwear analysis was used to study the dietary traits of fossil proboscideans in eleven samples from nine Pleistocene localities from Europe and North America (Palaeoloxodonantiquus, Mammuthusmeridionalis, M. columbi, M. primigenius, and Mammutamericanum).The North AmericanMammutamericanum was a committed browser in both localities studied.Interestingly, Mammutamericanum and Mammuthuscolumbi from the same locality (Phosphate…